What is SARS?

SARS stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. It is a contagious disease that is caused by the SARS Coronavirus and typically leads to a potentially fatal form of pneumonia.

SARS is caused by a “Coronaviruses”.

Human coronaviruses were first identified in the mid of 1960s. They known as “coronaviruses” because of their crown like projections on their surfaces. Coronaviruses cause respiratory infections in humans and animals. Coronaviruses affect the upper respiratory tract primarily of birds and mammals and they may also affect the gastrointestinal tract.

SARS symptoms usually start like those of the common cold, and gradually become more flu. Signs and symptoms may include:-

    • Extreme fatigue which is tiredness
    • Massive headache
    • Fever which above 38 °C
    • Lethargy
    • Confusion
    • Rash
    • Loss of appetite
    • Pain in the muscles or body aches
    • Diarrhea

From 3 to 7 days after exposure, respiratory symptoms develop as infection spreads to the airways and lungs, and may include:

  • Dry cough
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Breathing problems
  • Gradual fall in blood and oxygen levels
  • Nearly all patients eventually develop pneumonia after about 7 days

Treatment for SARS?

As SARS is a viral disease, antibiotics are not effective. The SARS patients needs to be isolated, and if possible in a negative pressure room, which prevents cross contamination from room to room. Nurses should take barrier precaution for any necessary contact with patients. People must take a good precautions and wear a mask for avoiding from the disease.


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