Alzheimer’s is type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. The term of ‘dementia’ describes a set of symptoms which can include loss of memory, mood changes, and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease. This fact sheet outlines the symptoms and risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease, and treatment are currently available.

During the course of the disease, protein ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’ develop in the structure of the brain, leading to the death of brain cells. People with Alzheimer’s also have a shortage of some important chemicals in their brain. These chemicals are involved with the transmission of messages within the brain. Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease, which means that gradually, over time, more parts of the brain are damaged. As this happens, the symptoms become more severe.


People in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease may experience lapses of memory and have problems finding the right words. As the disease progresses, they may:-

  • Become confused and frequently forget the names of people, places, appointments and recent events.
  • Experience mood swings, feel sad or angry, or scared and frustrated by their increasing memory loss.
  • Become more withdrawn, due either to a loss of confidence or to communication problems.
  • Have difficulty carrying out everyday activities – they may get muddled checking their change at the shops or become unsure how to work the TV remote.

As the disease progresses, people with Alzheimer’s will need more support from those who care for them. Eventually, they will need help with all their daily activities. While there are some common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, it is important to remember that everyone is unique.

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One of the most effective ways to protect ourselves and others from illness is a good personal hygiene. This means washing our hands, especially, but also our body. It means being careful not to cough or sneeze on others, cleaning things that we touch and putting items such as tissues because it may have germs and using protection such as gloves or condoms when might be at risk of catching an infection.

Personal hygiene such as bathing is very much dependent on the culture in which we’ll live. In some cultures, it is expected that we will wash our body at least every day and use deodorants to stop body smells. The human body can provide places for disease causing germs and parasites to grow and multiply. These places include the skin and in and around the openings to the body. It is less likely that germs and parasites will get inside the body if people have good personal hygiene habits.

Good personal hygiene

Good personal hygiene habits include:

  • Washing the body often. Everybody should have to shower or a bath every day. However, there may be times when this is not possible, for example, when people are out camping or there is a shortage of water.
  • If this happens, a swim or a wash all over the body with a wet sponge or cloth will do.
  • Brush our teeth at least once a day. Brushing the teeth after each meal is the best way of making sure that gum disease and tooth decay are avoided. It is very important to clean teeth after breakfast and immediately before going to bed.
  • Washing the hair with soap or shampoo at least once a week.
  • Washing hands with soap after going to the toilet.
  • Washing hands with soap before preparing or eating food. During normal daily activities, such as working and playing, disease causing germs may get onto the hands and under the nails. If the germs are not washed off before preparing food or eating, they may get onto the food.
  • Changing into clean clothes. Dirty clothes should be washed with laundry soap before wearing them again.
  • Hanging clothes in the sun to dry. The sun’s rays will kill some disease causing germs and parasites.
  • Turning away from other people and covering the nose and mouth with a tissue or the hand when coughing or sneezing. If this is not done, droplets of liquid containing germs from the nose and mouth will be spread in the air and other people can breathe them in, or the droplets can get onto food.

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AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the disease progresses.

HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person. The virus is passed from one person to another through blood to blood and sexual contact. In addition, infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy, delivering the baby during childbirth, and through breast feeding.

HIV can be transmitted in many ways, such as vaginal, oral sex, anal sex, blood transfusion, and contaminated hypodermic needles. Both the virus and the disease are often referred to together as HIV/AIDS. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. As a result, some will then develop AIDS. The development of numerous opportunistic infections in an AIDS patient can ultimately lead to death.

There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS. Treatments can slow the course of the disease some infected people can live a long and relatively healthy life. Despite dramatic progress in the global fight against HIV and AIDS, massive challenges and misunderstandings still remain, especially in Africa. On the eve of World AIDS Day, experts are assessing the fight against the disease and finding worrisome gaps and weaknesses.

Globally, the number of AIDS related deaths has dropped by a remarkable 29 % since year 2005. Access to antiviral drugs has expanded more than 40 fold worldwide in the past decade, and the number of new HIV infections has dropped by 33 % in the same period. Yet last year an estimated 1.6 million people died of AIDS related causes, and most of them were Africans.

Signs and symptoms of early HIV infection

Many people with HIV have no symptoms for several years. Others may develop symptoms similar to flu, usually two to six weeks after catching the virus. The symptoms can last up to four weeks.

Symptoms of early HIV infection may include:-

  • fever
  • chills
  • joint pain
  • muscle ache
  • sore throat
  • sweats mostly at night
  • enlarged glands
  • a red rash
  • tiredness
  • weakness
  • weight loss


  1. Unprotected sex: Having sex without a condom can put a person at risk of being infected with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. HIV can be spread by having unprotected sex. It can also be caught from sharing sex toys with someone infected with HIV.
  2. Drug abuse and needle sharing: Intravenous drug use is an important factor in HIV transmission in developed countries. Sharing needles can expose users to HIV and other viruses, such as Hepatitis C. Strategies such as needle exchange programs are used to reduce the infections caused by drug abuse.
  3. Body fluid exposure: Exposure to HIV can be controlled by employing precautions to reduce the risk of exposure to contaminated blood. At all times, health care workers should use barriers. Frequent and thorough washing of the skin immediately afterbeing contaminated with blood or other bodily fluids can reduce the chance of infection.
  4. Pregnancy: Anti-HIV medicines can harm the unborn child. But an effective treatment plan can prevent HIV transmission from mother to baby. Precautions have to be taken to protect the baby´s health. Delivery through caesarean section may be necessary. Breastfeeding may have to give way to bottle feeding if the mother is infected.
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What is Yoga?

People think that impossible and weirdly twisted poses of “Yoga”, then we may have an inkling of what yoga is, just an inkling that’s it. Yoga is much more than those poses. Derived from the Sankrit word “yuj” which means “to unite or integrate”. Yoga is 5000 year old Indian body of knowledge. Yoga is all about harmonizing the body with the mind and breath through the means of various breathing techniques, yoga postures and meditation.
Here’s how yoga transformed us spiritually:-
1. The classes gave space to deal with life.
Maybe it was the hum of peace and unity that permeated in studio. Or maybe it was all the twisting and heart opening of the poses. But yoga provided a way to channel the energy of life. It will helped us re-learn what life vibration was, and focus on people, things, and places that resonated with that vibration, while getting rid of the rest. If a life problem arose, people can went to yoga to help move ourselves toward to get answer.
2. Got more mental clarity.
As people honed in on what our life vibration was, it became crystal clear to us what resonated at that same vibration and what did not. Stated more simply, it was able to channel how the was feeling more easily, frequently and efficiently, allowing us to make better decisions in a given moment. The choices that we’ll made felt more aligned with our center. From the food we put in our body, we felt more aligned and centered than perhaps at any other point in our life.
3. I learned to breathe through both the easy and difficult. 
Here’s the deal with life: everyone experiences their own form of “good” and “bad,” even if those experiences aren’t someone else’s “good” or “bad.” But the point of religion and for me yoga, we will learn to remain calm and centered through both the good and bad.  To breathe the same no matter what is happening to us or or people in our surroundings. It means that we will remain closer to our core vibration, have more mental clarity, and have space to let our authentic emotion guide that will be the best for us. Saying “om” to connect to the universe is one thing, but learning that yoga is as much a meditation as it is a physical challenge is the key to unlocking our own spirituality and perhaps making yoga as our religion as well.


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Stress management starts with identifying the sources of stress in your life. This isn’t as easy as it sounds. Our true sources of stress aren’t always obvious, and it’s all too easy to overlook your own stress inducing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. These coping strategies may temporarily reduce stress, but they cause more damage in the long run:-

  • Smoking
  • Alcoholic
  • Using pills or drugs to relax
  • Sleeping too much
  • Procrastinating

Beyond a take charge approach and a positive attitude, we can reduce stress in our life by nurturing ourselves. If we regularly make time for fun and relaxation, we’ll be in a better place to handle life’s stressors when they inevitably come.

Healthy ways to relax and recharge are:-

  • Go for a walk.
  • Call and hang out with your best friends.
  • Take a long bath.
  • Write in your journal or diary.
  • Get a massage.
  • Listen to music.
  • Exercise or workout at the gym.
  • Watch a comedy.

People can increased the resistance to stress by strengthening our physical health. Physical activity plays a key role in reducing and preventing the effects of stress. Make time for at least 30 minutes of exercise, three times per week. Nothing beats aerobic exercise for releasing pent up stress and tension.

  • Eat healthy diet: Well nourished bodies are better prepared to cope with stress, so be mindful of what we eat. Start our day right with breakfast, and keep energy up and our mind clear with balanced, nutritious meals throughout the day.
  • Reduce caffeine and sugar. The temporary “highs” caffeine and sugar provide often end in with a crash in mood and energy. By reducing the amount of coffee, soft drinks, chocolate, and sugar snacks in our diet, we’ll feel more relaxed and sleep better.
  • Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs. Self-medicating with alcohol or drugs may provide an easy escape from stress, but the relief is only temporary. Don’t avoid or mask the issue at hand; deal with problems head on and with a clear mind.
  • Get enough sleep: Adequate sleep fuels our mind, as well as our body. Feeling tired will increase the stress because it may cause us to think irrationally.
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Caffeine and Sleep

Sleep in humans is readily affected by caffeine. There is an association between the daily intake of caffeine, sleep problems and daytime sleepiness.

The most marked effects of caffeine on sleep, even at levels equivalent to those of a single cup of coffee, have been well documented. They consist principally of prolonged sleep latency, shorter total sleep time, increases in light sleep and shortening of deep sleep time, as well as more frequent awakenings. REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep is less affected. These effects depend not only on the amount of caffeine ingested at bedtime, but also on the amount of caffeine ingested over the whole day. The effects of caffeine are smaller in habitual versus occasional coffee drinkers.

Caffeine used in young people

Caffeine helps restore better levels of wakefulness and counteracts degraded cognitive task performance due to sleep deprivation. However, caffeine may produce detrimental effects on subsequent sleep, resulting in daytime sleepiness and this might be a matter of concern, especially in young people. Many young people use multiple forms of technology late into the night and concurrently consume caffeinated beverages to stay alert.

  • A study looking at the effects of caffeine and technology on sleep duration and daytime functioning, in young people showed that sleep was significantly related to the multitasking index. Teenagers who scored 1.5-2 fold higher on multitasking indices slept less than 8-10 hours on school nights. Among the 33% of teenagers who fell asleep during school, caffeine consumption tended to be 76% higher than in those not falling asleep. The study suggests that, as a consequence, these teenagers were not fully functional throughout the day due to excessive daytime sleepiness, rather than because of the daytime effects of caffeine.
  • Likewise, in a survey looking at adolescent caffeine use, it appeared that 95% used caffeinated drinks such as soft drinks primarily but also coffee. In contrast with high soda users, mixed users who drank more coffee expected more energy enhancement from caffeine, and they were more likely to get up early and report more daytime sleepiness, which led to the use of caffeine to ‘get through the day’.
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Among the thousands of different foods in our world provides, the majority contain at least several of the nutrients in our bodies need but to be included as one of the World’s Healthiest Foods they had to meet the criteria listed below:-

The criteria that they used will also help us to understand why some of our favorite foods may not be included on our list. While pomegranates taste great and are rich in vitamins and flavonoid phytonutrients, they are still rather expensive which makes them not as widely available to many people.

1. The World’s Healthiest Foods are the Most Nutrient Dense

The World’s Healthiest Foods have been selected because they are among the richest sources of many of the essential nutrients needed for optimal health. They used a concept that called nutrient density to determine which foods have the highest nutritional value.

Nutrient density is a measure of the amount of nutrients a food contains in comparison to the number of calories. A food is more nutrient dense when the level of nutrients is high in relationship to the number of calories the food contains. By eating the World’s Healthiest Foods, all the essential nutrients that we need for excellent health, including vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, essential fatty acids, fiber and more for the least number of calories.

2. The World’s Healthiest Foods are Whole Foods

The World’s Healthiest Foods are also whole foods complete with all their rich natural endowment of nutrients. They have not been highly processed nor do they contain synthetic, artificial or irradiated ingredients. And whenever possible, The Healthier Way of Eating recommends purchasing “Organically Grown” foods, since they not only promote your health, but also the health of our planet.

3. The World’s Healthiest Foods are Familiar Foods

The World’s Healthiest Foods are common “everyday” foods. These include the fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds, lean meats, fish, olive oil, herbs and spices that are familiar to most people.

4. The World’s Healthiest Foods are Readily Available

Although there are many foods that are exceptionally nutritious, many of them are not readily available in different areas of the country. The World’s Healthiest Foods are foods that the majority people can easily find at their local market.

5. The World’s Healthiest Foods are Affordable

They have selected foods that are not only familiar and available, but also affordable, especially if we purchase them locally and in season. This is also the time when they are the freshest and of the best quality.

6. The World’s Healthiest Foods Taste Good

The World’s Healthiest Foods are also some of the world’s best tasting foods. We have created recipes using the World’s Healthiest Foods that do not overpower, but enhance, the unique flavor of each food. Each recipe provides a flavor adventure so you can discover new ways to experience and enjoy the great natural tastes of these foods.

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